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Our Vote is An Exchange

Gone are the Days of Unfulfilled Political Promises, Empty Gestures and Worthless Symbolism. We're Demanding a Specific Black Agenda to Address Specific Harms and Specific Damages, Suffered by the Black American Descendants of Chattel Slavery.


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- Fred Hampton

Stokely Carmichael

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Stokely Carmichael, a political activist who was active during the 1960’s civil rights movement was born in Port of Spain, Trinidad, West Indies on June 29, 1941

His family later moved to New York City and he stayed with his grandmother until later moving to New York with his family at age eleven.  He is well known for his activities with (SNCC) the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee where he served as Chairman.  The organization’s philosophy became increasingly more radical under his tenure. 

He became a major voting rights activist in Mississippi and Alabama after being mentored by Ella Baker and Bob Moses. Like most young people in SNCC, he became disillusioned with the two-party system after the 1964 Democratic National Convention failed to recognize the Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party as official delegates from the state. Carmichael chose to develop independent black political organizations, such as the Lowndes County Freedom Organization and, for a time, the national Black Panther Party. Inspired by Malcolm X's example, he articulated a philosophy of black power, and popularized it both by provocative speeches and more sober writings. Carmichael became one of the most popular and controversial Black leaders of the late 1960s.

Stokely and MLK, March against fear

J. Edgar Hoover, director of the FBI, secretly identified Carmichael as the man most likely to succeed Malcolm X as America's "black messiah". The FBI targeted him for personal destruction through its COINTELPRO program, and Carmichael fled to Africa in 1968.  There he adopted the new name of Kwame Ture and began campaigning internationally for revolutionary socialist Pan-Africanism.

He is credited as perhaps being the first person to publicly use the term “Black Power” in a speech on June 16, 1966 in Greenwood, Mississippi following the shooting of James Meredith.  Carmichael later joined the Black Panthers and became “Honorary Prime Minister” and left SNCC.  He left the Black Panthers in 1969 and moved to Guinea and worked as an aide to President Ahmed Sekou Touré.  He died on November 15, 1998 of prostate cancer in Conakry, Guinea.

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